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EvaPharMed – Development and evaluation of an interprofessional education project for pharmacy and medical students: a pilot study

  • At: PPR 2022 (2022)
  • Type: Poster
  • By: PETERSEN, Maike (ABDA - Federal Union of German Associations of Pharmacists)
  • Co-author(s): Maike Petersen, Pharmacist/researcher, Dept. of Clinical Pharmacy and Biochemistry, Institute of Pharmacy, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Germany
    Sabine Gehrke-Beck, physician/researcher, Dept. of Medicine, ABDA – Federal Union of German Associations of Pharmacists, Germany
    Nicole Zimmermann, pharmacist/researcher, Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Amrei Konrad, pharmacist/researcher, Dean’s Office for Student Affairs, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Josefine Schulz, pharmacist/researcher, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Johanna Seeger, pharmacist/researcher, Dieter Scheffner Center for Medical Education and Educational Research, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    Ronja Behrend, researcher
    Eva Margarete Daub, physician/researcher
    Constanze Czimmeck, medical student
    Noemi Lauterbach, pharmacy student
    Ingo Siebenbrodt, pharmacist/researcher
    Alice Pevzner, pharmacist
    Uta Mueller, pharmacist/researcher
    Harm Peters, physician/ head of Dieter Scheffner Center for Medical Education and Educational Research
    Martin Schulz, pharmacist/ head of Department of Medicine
    Wolfram Herrmann, physician/researcher
    Charlotte Kloft, pharmacist/ head of Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biochemistry

  • Abstract:

    Background information: Interprofessional education projects with pharmacy and medical students (PS and MS) are rare in Germany [1]. However, for a future trustful collaboration personal contacts and mutual understanding are vital [2]. Care by an interprofessional team is beneficial for patients. According to the 5th Action Plan 2021 – 2024 to improve medication safety of the Federal Ministry of Health, interprofessional collaboration is an important key element [3].

    Purpose: We developed and implemented an interprofessional education project for PS and MS. The pilot study was conducted to understand the students’ perceptions and to evaluate whether students were satisfied with their learning progress and would recommend this project.

    Methods: The project, developed by an interprofessional team, consisted of three parts: (1) an interprofessional online seminar, (2) practical training at the Medication Management Center (MMC) and (3) a one-day internship in a general practitioner’s (GP’s) office. In all three parts, PS and MS performed patient-oriented casework and medication reviews together. The project was evaluated using anonymous pre- and post-questionnaires, containing the German version of the Student Perceptions of Physician-Pharmacist Interprofessional Clinical Education instrument (SPICE-2D) and open-ended questions to further evaluate the students‘ perceptions [4]. The post-questionnaire asked for feedback as well as a recommendation of this project for other students, using a five-point Likert scale. Furthermore, the students` satisfaction with their learning progress was assessed.

    Results: Due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, only the seminar (part 1) was performed in each semester. The other parts of the project were implemented progressively. The third execution in the winter semester 2021/22 contained all three parts, eventually. Through all executions, 105 students (46 PS, 59 MS) attended the interprofessional seminar, 64 (29 PS, 35 MS) the practical training at the MMC and 9 joined the internship in a GP’s office. For the seminar, 41 of 53 participants were satisfied with their learning progress and 64 of 67 students would recommend it to others. Regarding the practical training at the MMC, 37 of 46 students were satisfied with their learning progress and 45 of 47 would recommend it to others. Finally, the internship in a GP’s office was mostly rated positive.

    Conclusion: Despite the pandemic, the interprofessional education project was successfully implemented. The insights gained from the evaluation will be used to adapt the project and its evaluation, eventually. Moreover, the development of further interprofessional education projects will benefit from the gained understanding. The focus of the evaluation of the main study will shift to the students’ perceptions towards patient-oriented casework and medication reviews. In addition to the questionnaires, guided individual interviews will be used.

    Acknowledgements: We thank the Lesmueller-Foundation, Munich, for funding this project.

    [1] IMPP. 2019. www.impp.de/files/PDF/RBS_Berichte/Berufs%C3%BCbergreifend%20Denken%20Interprofessionell%20Handeln.pdf (last accessed: 15.04.2022).

    [2] Weißenborn et al. Gesundheitswesen. 2019;81:1057-1068.

    [3] Federal Ministry of Health. 2021.
    www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/fileadmin/Dateien/5_Publikationen/Gesundheit/Berichte/Aktionsplan_2021-2024_BMG_AMTS.pdf (last accessed: 15.04.2022).

    [4] Pudritz et al. Int J Pharm Pract. 2020;28:142-149.

Last update 4 October 2019

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