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THE BENEFIT OF CLINICAL PHARMACY SKILLS IN COMMUNITY PHARMACIES

  • At: PPR SIG 2021 (2021)
  • Type: Digital
  • By: NEDELJKOVIC, Sonja (\’Nevenpharm\’, community pharmacy, Serbia)
  • Co-author(s): Sonja Nedeljković1, Ivana Stošić2, Nikola Stefanović3, Aleksandra Catić-Đorđević3 1Nevenpharm community pharmacy, Nis, Serbia 2Institute ’’Niska banja’’ 3 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nis, Nis, Serbia
  • Abstract:

    Introduction

    Clinical pharmacy is the branch of pharmacy in which pharmacists provide direct patient care that optimizes the use of medications and promotes health, wellness and disease prevention.

    Objectives

    The main aim of this study was to assess the association between clinical pharmacy education and activities of the community pharmacists including recognition and solution of drug-related problems.

    Methods

    The study was performed among community pharmacists in southeastern Serbia who voluntarily filled the questionnaire made by investigators. Questionnaire was formed to investigate the significance for the implementation of clinical pharmacy course in education of community pharmacists. 282 questionnaires were sent, 48 were incomplete and excluded from statistic analysis SPSS version 12. Respondents were divided in those who have clinical pharmacy education (CPEG)-106 and those who don’t have clinical pharmacy education (NCPEG)-128.

    Results

    The results indicate that CPEG group are able to identify more drug related problems than NCPEG (p 0.05), mostly drug interactions, treatment efficiency and inappropriate dosage selection. Even 29% of all respondents reported more than three pharmaceutical interventions per week. In addition, CPEG group statistically significant more identified low adherence (6% vs 3%), while NCPEG more frequently recognized inappropriate dosing interval (p 0.05). Attitudes of CPEG and NCPEG regarding skills and knowledge showed differences in importance of knowledge of laboratory and diagnostic skills and critical valuation of drug information skills.

    Conclusion

    During interview and after reviewing the medication list, pharmacist notices potential drug-related problems. Furthermore, pharmacist has to deal with patient’s adherence, quality of life, pharmacoeconomy issues and giving an appropriate and acceptable solution and advice. In conclusion, clinical pharmacy course should be part of undergraduate studies of pharmacists, in order to shape them to be more patient oriented. Also it has shown that more knowledge of clinical pharmacy, significantly increased number of pharmaceutical interventions.

Last update 4 October 2019

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