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Evaluation of Pharmacists Familiarity in Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Management.

  • At: PPR SIG 2021 (2021)
  • Type: Digital
  • By: SULEIMAN, Muhammad Ahmad (Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria)
  • Co-author(s): Muhammad Ahmad Suleiman (First Author) Mohammed Magaji Phd (Major Supervisor) Mohammed Shafiu Associate Professor (Minor Supervisor )
  • Abstract:

    Introduction

    Pharmacists have assumed additional responsibilities during emergencies and disasters, therefore have an ethical responsibility that goes beyond that of a regular citizen. As a result, pharmacists must accept new responsibilities such as providing assistance to others in emergency and disaster situations. As a result, pharmacists must accept new responsibilities in assisting others in times of emergency or disaster.

    Objectives

    To identify pharmacists familiarity with various emergency domains and To highlight emergency domains where pharmacists need additional training

    Methods

    A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted using an adapted form of Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ) to evaluate Pharmacists in 11 domains of the emergency preparedness. 102 participants were evaluated using self-reported online survey. The resulting data was subjected to reliability and validity analysis, categorical and Quantitative variables were summarized using descriptive analysis. Chi-square was used to compare independent categorical variables with average overall familiarity scores at P-value 0.05.

    Results

    The study reveal lack of familiarity in most of the domains with 49% (average mean score 1.9) for incident and command, 41% (2.16) communication and connectivity and 39.2% (2.07) ethical issues in triage. However, participants were familiar to neutral in detection and response to an event with 32.4% (2.9). The overall familiarity of Pharmacists towards emergency and disaster was below average, with an average mean of 2.22. Hospital Pharmacists appeared to be more familiar when compared with community and other area of Pharmacy practice with p-value at 0.02. However, there were no significant differences with other categorical variable.

    Conclusion

    Pharmacist familiarity to various dimensions was below average and thus the need for inclusion of Emergency and Disaster curriculum at undergraduate level and continuous education at postgraduate level. Pharmacists should also be involved in training and drills to improve familiarity towards emergency and disaster.

Last update 4 October 2019

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