The validation and modification of pharmaceutical pictograms among elderly polish patients in the community pharmacy setting – a multicenter pilot study

  • At: 2017 FIP Congress in Seoul (South Korea)
  • Type: Poster
  • By: MERKS, Piotr (Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Bydgoszcz, Poland)
  • Co-author(s): Piotr Merks:
    Damian Swieczkowski: First Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    Katarzyna Bialoszwska: Department of Medical Psychology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
    Marcin Balcerzak: Farenta Polska, Farenta Polska, Warsaw, Poland
    Ewelina Drelich: Farenta Polska, Farenta Polska, Warsaw, Poland
    Milosz Jaguszewski: First Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
    Annie Pouliot: Pharmacy Department, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Canada
    Regis Vaillancourt: Department of Pharmacy, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Canada
  • Abstract:

    Methods

    Structured interviews were used to validate the pictograms for patient comprehension. 

    Results

    The study included 68 patients with whom face-to-face interviews were performed. The results were analyzed continuously. Low transparency results (≤25%) and extensive patient feedback in initial interviews led to the withdrawal of certain

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